A 2013 study by The 2112 Group titled “”2013 State of Cloud Backup” found that small and mid-size interest in robust backup solutions more than triples after a significant data loss event, only 54% of SMBs felt that improved data recovery, business continuity, and IT reliability were sufficient motivators to deploy a new or improved solution.
Our perspective, is that focusing on backup misses the point entirely!
As we have blogged in the past: backup is easy; recovery is hard. More accurately, the ability to recover and restore defines the value proposition. Everything else about “backup” solutions — including the technology and methods — is irrelevant until you define the value of recovery and restore.
Stop thinking about Backup! Instead, think about:
Continuity: The ability for you company to continue to operate at an appropriately effective level during events that disrupt normal operations. For some businesses, this means zero downtime. For others, answering the phones and access to email may be sufficient for hours or days, or as an interim state until line of business systems come back online. Still other businesses may need all systems up and running with 1 or 2 business days.
Recovery: The ability to gain access to data and systems that became unavailable due to damage or failures. Whether your disk array fails, a pipe bursts above your servers, or a virus eats through your files, recovery requires repair or replacement before systems and data can be restored.
Restore: The ability to retrieve a prior version of data or a system. Most restores are a result of user action or minor system issues. How far back you need to go and the availability of past versions defines how long it will take to both retrieve the information and for the user to replace lost work, if any. For some, a daily version meets the need. For others, going back a day means resource-consuming rework so multiple versions each day are appropriate.
Focus on a building a Data Protection Solution and your required “Return to Operation” (RTO) time. Remember that different parts of your business, different systems, may have different RTO requirements.
- Assess your continuity, recovery, and restore needs and priorities
- Understand the likely and not-so-likely risks to your systems and your business and create a “use case”.
- Looking at each use case:
- Identify changes to your IT infrastructure that could mitigate risk
- Identify the type of solution that can provide the needed continuity, recovery, and restore services
- Collate the use cases and solution types as your requirements
With requirements in hand, evaluating data protection solutions, technologies, and services becomes a manageable process. Keep in mind, the data protection solution may include a mix of backup/restore, backup/recovery, archiving, disaster recovery, and other components.